Zhang Shuangli is a Professor of Philosophy at the School of Philosophy, Fudan University, China. Her main areas of research are Marxist Philosophy, Western Marxism (especially Georg Lukacs and Ernst Bloch), Critical Theory. In the recent several years, she has especially explored the Marx-Hegel relationship and has published a series of articles on this topic, including the chapter on “Marx and Hegel” in Oxford Companion to Hegel (Oxford University Press, ed. Dean Moyar, 2017).
Hegelian Marxism or Marxist Hegelianism? Rethinking the Relationship Between Marx and Hegel
I will explore the interrelation of Hegelian Marxism and Marxist Hegelianism. Regarding “Hegelian Marxism”, I will start from the reconstruction of Georg Lukacs’ articulation of Hegelian Marxism in History and Class Consciousness, and then investigate as to how this framework has been differently adapted by German critical theorists (especially Horkheimer, Adorno, Habermas, and Honneth) in the 20th century and some of the Chinese scholars of critical Marxism in the last 4 decades. Based on this, I will then explain how these two different approaches have brought about some difficulties in our attempts to reactivate the Marxist resources to think about the deep contradictions within the complex modern society. With this as a background, I will argue that “Marxist Hegelianism” might be a more effective way to help us rethink the relationship between Marx and Hegel and to reactivate the Marxist resources in our dialogue about the crisis of modernity in the contemporary context.